Nigerian Bitter-leaf Soup


Bitterleaf soup, or “ofe onugbu,” is a traditional Nigerian soup made with bitterleaf, meat, stockfish, palm oil, and other spices. The soup is typically served with fufu, a dough-like dish made from pounded yam, cassava, or plantain. Bitterleaf soup is popular in the eastern part of Nigeria, where it’s considered a delicacy. It’s known for its strong, bitter flavor, and it’s often eaten as a main dish or a side dish.


  • A handful of bitterleaf
  • 1 pound of meat, like beef, goat, or chicken
  • A few chunks of stockfish
  • 1 cup of palm oil
  • 1 medium onion, chopped
  • 2 scotch bonnet peppers, chopped
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 2 cups of water or more, as needed

Instruction Steps:

Step 1.

Gather the necessary ingredients: bitterleaf, meat, stockfish, palm oil, onions, scotch bonnet peppers, salt, and pepper.

Step 2.

First, wash the bitterleaf, cut it into bite-sized pieces and set it aside.

Step 3.

Boil the meat and stockfish until they are soft and tender.

Step 4.

In a separate pot, heat the palm oil over medium heat. Add the chopped onions and peppers, and cook for about 5 minutes. The onions should be soft and translucent, and the peppers should be slightly softened.

Step 5.

Add the cut bitterleaf to the pot, along with salt and pepper to taste. Stir well, and cook for about 20 minutes until the bitterleaf is soft. Add more water as needed to reach the desired consistency.

Step 6.

Serve the soup over fufu, and enjoy!
As you can see, bitterleaf soup is easy to make with just a few simple ingredients. If you’re new to Nigerian cuisine, this is a great recipe to start with!


First, wash and cut the bitterleaf and set it aside. Then, boil the meat and stockfish in a pot until tender. Next, add the palm oil and cook until it’s hot. Then, add the chopped onions and scotch bonnet peppers, and cook for 5 minutes. After that, add the bitterleaf, salt, and pepper. Cover the pot and simmer the soup for 20 minutes or until the bitterleaf is tender. Finally, add water as needed to achieve the desired consistency. Serve with fufu, and enjoy!

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